All You Need to Know About Student Loan: The Ultimate Guide To Student Loans

All You Need to Know About Student Loan: The Ultimate Guide To Student Loans

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All You Need to Know About Student Loan: The Ultimate Guide To Student Loans
All You Need to Know About Student Loan: The Ultimate Guide To Student Loans

Student loans are often necessary to help pay for higher education, which has become more expensive over the years. Despite the high cost of tuition, student loans are typically the only way many students can afford their education. 

If you’ve ever wondered how student loans work or what your options are for paying them back, here is everything you need to know about student loans. Student loans are confusing. 

The language of student loans is so complicated that it can be easy to get lost in all of the alphabet soup terms, acronyms, and legalese. But no worries! We’ve got you covered with this comprehensive guide to everything you need to know about student loans. 

From federal vs. private loans to repayment plans, we break down every nitty gritty detail you’ll need to understand your student loan situation. So, if you have any questions about student loans, refer here first!

Do you have student loans? Most of us do. Whether we're paying off our own school debt or helping a family member out, the need for student loans is real. A lot of people don’t know what they’re getting themselves into when they take on student loans. 

And this can lead to a lot of confusion and frustration down the road. Don’t be one of those people! Learn everything you need to know about student loans here: how do they work, how much do they cost, and what repayment plans are offered.

Student loans are a necessary evil. They fund higher education, which is an important part of making it in today’s economy. However, student loans can be confusing and overwhelming. Loans come with different interest rates, repayment plans, deferment options and more. 

You can’t just take out a loan and expect to pay it back on your own. Instead, you need to know the basics so you can avoid making mistakes and understand what your responsibilities are as a borrower. 

Student loans can be a great way to go to a school that you couldn’t afford otherwise. They let you pursue your career goals, and they can even help you pay off student debt. However, there are a lot of different kinds of student loans, and some can be more beneficial than others. 

Matched with the latest research on student loans from the Department of Education, this guide will help demystify the process of applying for and getting a student loan for college or graduate school. 

You'll learn about the origins of student loans in America, how they work, what types exist, and who should consider them. This post will also provide a general overview of income-driven repayment plans as well as other helpful resources for those

What are student loans?

Student loans are a loan that allows people to pay for their education at colleges, universities and graduate schools. A student loan is made to a student or student graduates. It can also be used to help cover the expenses of attending college for two or more years. 

What type of loans are there? There are different types of student loans. The most common type is for those who are going to a four year college or university. These are usually a federally subsidized loan. This loan is subsidized by the government. 

Most loans that are made are either direct or subsidized. Direct student loans are usually backed by the federal government. These loans are more flexible, but usually have higher interest rates. Subsidized student loans are also backed by the federal government.

Who can get a student loan?

Students usually apply for student loans if they're pursuing a degree. However, since they usually require a higher education degree or if they have jobs that require some level of skill or education, applying for a student loan does not necessarily mean you are really in need of one.

 Typically, you can get student loans if you are between the ages of 18 and 24, have good credit history, and either attend college full-time or are pursuing a certificate or degree in another field. 

However, it's important to remember that you can only apply for a student loan once you have been accepted to college or are accepted into a program and you're accepted into it in your program's program and college that you are applying to. When should you consider student loans?

How do I apply for a student loan?

With college costs on the rise, borrowing has become more common among students, who are increasingly using student loans to pay for their college education. On average, today's college students receive $29,400 from the government for tuition each year. 

However, their loan obligations are considerable. The National Center for Education Statistics estimates that the total outstanding student loan balance for the country is $1.3 trillion and that student debt increases by 1.5% annually. According to the University of Phoenix, the average amount owed per graduate is $30,000.

What are the different types of student loans?

Federal student loans are one type of student loan. They are a type of government loan, with the U.S. government, the U.S. Department of Education (ED) being the sole lender. The agency makes loans to students from families with an annual income of less than $57,000, excluding the value of private education loans. 

Private student loans are loans issued by banks, credit unions, and private lenders. They are used by students from families with annual incomes ranging from $57,000 to $88,000, excluding private education loans. However, these loans are generally not as expensive as federal loans since there is no limit to how much money can be borrowed.

What is an unsubsidized loan?

An unsubsidized loan is one that you pay upfront. The loan doesn't have to be paid back. Can a student loan lead to bankruptcy? In the United States, some student loans can be discharged through bankruptcy if the borrower can prove that the failure to repay the loan was due to a “change in circumstance” (e.g. changing your field of study or career, getting married, having a child). 

If a loan can’t be discharged in bankruptcy, it may lead to serious financial problems for the borrower in the future. Can the income-driven repayment plan (IDR) save me money? 

If your income is below a certain level, you may qualify for an income-driven repayment plan. One of the big pluses of this plan is that you can qualify for reduced payments.

What is the grace period on student loans?

Federal student loans like a student loan are backed by the government, which means repayment is required regardless of the situation. However, for students that are enrolled at private schools, private loans are often available and not backed by the government. 

These private loans are loans from private financial institutions such as banks and credit unions. Private student loans are known as private education loans. Typically, private student loans are of a lower interest rate than Federal student loans. 

Does the grace period on student loans start after graduation or during college? Many students, despite the fact that they received their degrees, are left with hefty student loan balances.

What are the benefits of federal direct subsidized and unsubsidized loans?

The federal government has three types of student loans: federal direct subsidized and unsubsidized loans, federal parent PLUS loans, and federal student loans. In general, federal direct subsidized loans are more flexible and provide a longer grace period than the other two types of federal student loans. 

Federal direct subsidized and unsubsidized loans: Those are loans that the federal government offers to students to help them pay for school. The amount of money a student receives varies, but students can receive up to $5,500 annually in federal subsidized loan funding. 

Those loans typically require the student to work and pay something towards the loan (through an employer) for a fixed number of years.

What is the difference between subsidized and unsubsidized loans?

A subsidized loan is granted by the government to a student as a loan that will be paid back to the student by either the government or the student's financial institution. Subsidized loans can be used to help cover the expenses of tuition and fees, required books, room and board, transportation and other items that cannot be paid for in full. 

The government also provides grants to help cover additional expenses such as health care and child care. However, students who have subsidized loans must make a minimum payment on their loan, typically over a 10 year repayment period. 

This type of loan is most commonly seen in undergraduate students. An unsubsidized loan, on the other hand, is a loan that is not subsidized and is paid directly to a student by his or her financial institution.

Are there any drawbacks to federal direct subsidized and unsubsidized loans?

Although federal subsidized and unsubsidized student loans don't come with any prepayment penalty, they also don't have the same income-driven repayment programs as federal unsubsidized loans. Federal subsidized and unsubsidized loans are not eligible for repayment during employment. 

The maximum federal student loan repayment rate is 10 percent, which means federal subsidized loans are not eligible for the income-driven repayment programs available to unsubsidized loans. 

Payment Guidelines for Direct Student Loan Repayment Founded in 1973, Navient was founded to provide student loans through private lenders, schools, and governments. It soon became the nation's largest student loan servicer. Navient was acquired by Sallie Mae in 2014.


Student loans are something that a lot of college students and graduates are grappling with. To help you get started in understanding student loans, below is a comprehensive guide to student loans, along with an interactive cheat sheet and tool that you can use for any question.